The relationship between four-wheel drives and risky driving behaviours

Abdulbari Bener, JunaidA Razzak, David Crundall, KatharineA Allen
2014 International Journal of Medicine and Public Health  
Given the increased number of four wheel drive (4WD) vehicles in Qatar and their involvement in crashes, casualties and road fatalities, it is important to understand the association between risky driving behavior and 4WD crashes. Aim/Objective: This study aimed to determine the association between risky driving behaviours and 4WD vehicles and its impact on road traffi c accidents in the State of Qatar. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted using a multistage stratifi ed
more » ... tistage stratifi ed cluster sampling technique to recruit 1824 drivers of two wheel drive (small cars) and 4WD across different primary health centres (PHCs) in Qatar. The Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) and Driver Skill Inventory (DSI) were used to collect the data. Information regarding socio-demographic and road traffi c crashes during last three years was also obtained. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse the data. Results: 762 (41.8%) owned 4WD vehicles. Drivers of 4WD were signifi cantly higher between 30-50 years age (P < 0.001), urban dwellers (P = 0.003), having more driving experience (atleast 5 years) (P < 0.001) and annual mileage higher than the drivers of small cars (P < 0.001). A signifi cantly higher proportion of 4WD drivers had previous penalties for traffi c violations such as crossing a red traffi c signal (51.6% vs. 21.4%; P < 0.001) or exceeding the speed limit (35% vs. 27.8%; P < 0.001). A higher proportion of 4WDs' drivers reported previous involvement in accidents as compared to the drivers of small cars (42.4% vs. 35.7%; p 0.004). The risk of accident involvement was 1.21 times higher among drivers of 4WD as compared to the counterparts (OR 1.21; 95%CI; 1.01-1.46). Besides, excessive speed, annual mileage, male gender, traffi c violations, lapses, errors and driving skills were signifi cantly associated with crashes. Conclusion: The drivers of 4WD cars are at higher risk of crashes as compared to the drivers of small cars. Also, they have signifi cantly more traffi c violations, lapses, and errors. Future interventions and control measures should target the drivers of 4WD for better results. Original Article Traffi c records indicate that certain vehicle types are over-represented in the number of crashes as compared to other vehicle types in Arab Gulf countries. For instance, it is reported that Four-Wheel Drives (4WDs) are associated with frequent crashes, severe casualties and fatalities and even increase the hazards of injury to small cars' drivers and pedestrians. [2, 5, 8] In the State of Qatar, the popularity of 4WDs has increased signifi cantly over the last ten years and a 2008 study showed that 40.3% of all drivers involved in a car crash were using a 4WD. [6] Abstract Access this article online Website: www.ijmedph.org
doi:10.4103/2230-8598.137718 fatcat:54doypoufvarhfxiixcdp4rqom