Mussolini Predicted a Fascist Century: How Wrong Was He?

Roger Griffin
2019 Fascism  
In the entry on 'Fascism' published in 1932 in the Enciclopedia Italiana, Benito Mussolini made a prediction. There were, he claimed, good reasons to think that the twentieth century would be a century of 'authority', the 'right': a fascist century (un secolo fascista). However, after 1945 the many attempts by fascists to perpetuate the dreams of the 1930s have come to naught. Whatever impact they have had at a local level, and however profound the delusion that fascists form a world-wide
more » ... a world-wide community of like-minded ultranationalists and racists revolutionaries on the brink of 'breaking through', as a factor in the shaping of the modern world, their fascism is clearly a spent force. But history is a kaleidoscope of perspectives that dynamically shift as major new developments force us to rewrite the narrative we impose on it. What if we take Mussolini's secolo to mean not the twentieth century, but the 'hundred years since the foundation of Fascism'? Then the story we are telling ourselves changes radically.
doi:10.1163/22116257-00801001 fatcat:csasjqylybbgpcjgxkglz4zrie