MicroRNA-20a mediates the cytotoxicity of natural killer cells in endometriosis via ERG/HLX/STAT4/perforin axis [post]

2019 unpublished
Intriguingly, microRNA-20a (miR-20a) has been recently witnessed to be involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis (EMS) but the molecular mechanism controlled by miR-20a is to be undefined. The present study is designed to probe into how miR-20a acts to regulate the cytotoxicity of natural killer (NK) cells. Methods: Most of all, consistent with the clinical determination in EMS patients, miR-20a was determined to be down-regulated in NK cells isolated from nude mice. miR-20a could
more » ... 20a could specifically bind to ERG and negatively regulates its expression in NK cells. Additionally, shRNA-mediated silencing of ERG decreased the expression of HLX. HLX up-regulated STAT4 by inducing proteasome degradation and inhibited NK cell cytotoxicity. Results: Of great importance, forced expression of miR-20a consequently induced NK cell cytotoxicity in vitro by increasing perforin expression via enhancement of STAT4 that was caused by impairing the binding of ERG to HLX enhancer. The in vivo experiments further confirmed the promoting role of miR-20a in the cytotoxicity of NK cells isolated from EMS nude mice and subsequent protective role of miR-20a against EMS-induced endometrial injury. Conclusion: The aforementioned data suggest that miR-20a potentiates the cytotoxicity of NK via upregulating perforin mediated by ERG/HLX/STAT4, highlighting potential novel mechanisms associated with EMS progression.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.17459/v1 fatcat:rhjhsrtegbhzbjfsbg2zyvpq6u