Transcriptomic microRNA Profiling of Dendritic Cells in Response to Gut Microbiota-Secreted Vesicles

Natalia Díaz-Garrido, Sarah Bonnin, Marta Riera, Rosa Gíménez, Josefa Badia, Laura Baldomà
2020 Cells  
The interconnection between nutrients, metabolites and microbes is a key factor governing the healthy/pathological status of an individual. Thus, microbiota-based research is essential in order to better understand human health and nutrition. Gut bacteria release membrane vesicles (MVs) as an intercellular communication mechanism that allows the direct delivery of factors that prime the host's innate immune system. We have previously shown that MVs from intestinal E. coli activate dendritic
more » ... ivate dendritic cells (DCs) in a strain-specific manner. To gain insights into the regulatory mechanisms involved, here, we have used an RNA deep sequencing approach to identify differentially expressed miRNAs (microRNAs) in DCs which are challenged by the MVs of the probiotic Nissle 1917 (EcN) or the commensal ECOR12. MicroRNAs are post-transcriptional regulatory mediators that permit the fine tuning of signaling pathways. This approach allowed the identification of a common set of miRNAs which are modulated by MVs from both strains and miRNAs which are differentially expressed in response to EcN or ECOR12 MVs. Based on the differential expression of the target genes and subsequent validation experiments, we correlated some of the selected miRNAs with the reported cytokine profile and specific T cell responses. As far as we know, this is the first study to analyze the regulation of miRNAs in DCs by MVs released by gut microbiota.
doi:10.3390/cells9061534 pmid:32585977 fatcat:lfr6ur6drjgl7agekt27x2tbn4