Digestive tract morphometry and breast muscle microstructure in spent breeder ducks maintainedin a conservation programme of genetic resources

Dariusz Kokoszyński, Mohamed Saleh, Zenon Bernacki, Marek Kotowicz, Małgorzata Sobczak, Joanna Żochowska-Kujawska, Kamil Stęczny
2018 Archives Animal Breeding  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> The objective of this study was to compare three genetic groups of ducks: P9 (French Pekin), K2 (bred from wild mallards – <i>Anas platyrhynchos</i> L. and Pekin duck), and KhO1 (hybrid of Khaki Campbell drake and Orpington Fauve duck) after two breeding seasons for body weight and length, length of intestine and its segments, percentage of other internal organs, and breast muscle microstructure. The study used 60 ducks, 20 birds (10 males and 10 females) from each
more » ... females) from each genetic group. At 110 weeks of age, P9 ducks exhibited significantly (<span class="inline-formula"><i>p</i><i>&amp;lt;</i>0.05</span>) greater body weight and length, and length of intestine and its segments (except for colon length) compared to K2 and KhO1 ducks. KhO1 ducks had significantly shorter jejunum and ileum compared to K2 birds. The lighter K2 and KhO1 ducks had significantly greater relative length of intestine and its segments. In P9 ducks, liver, heart, and gizzard were heavier and spleen percentage in body weight significantly lower than in K2 and KhO1 birds. KhO1 ducks had a significantly higher percentage of proventriculus compared to the other duck groups. The different genetic origins of the ducks had no effect on microstructural characteristics of <i>m. pectoralis superficialis</i> except for perimysium and endomysium thickness. Our study provided information about differences in the digestive tract morphometry and breast muscle microstructure of ducks from three genetic groups after two reproductive seasons, which are maintained in a conservation programme of genetic resources in Poland.</p>
doi:10.5194/aab-61-373-2018 fatcat:vuk4qpq4lvfkxixgefazci645y