Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci onto Chromosome-Scale Pseudomolecules in Flax

Frank M. You, Sylvie Cloutier
2020 Methods and Protocols  
Quantitative trait loci (QTL) are genomic regions associated with phenotype variation of quantitative traits. To date, a total of 313 QTL for 31 quantitative traits have been reported in 14 studies on flax. Of these, 200 QTL from 12 studies were identified based on genetic maps, the scaffold sequences, or the pre-released chromosome-scale pseudomolecules. Molecular markers for QTL identification differed across studies but the most used ones were simple sequence repeats (SSRs) or single
more » ... ) or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). To uniquely map the SSR and SNP markers from different references onto the recently released chromosome-scale pseudomolecules, methods with several scripts and database files were developed to locate PCR- and SNP-based markers onto the same reference, co-locate QTL, and scan genome-wide candidate genes. Using these methods, 195 out of 200 QTL were successfully sorted onto the 15 flax chromosomes and grouped into 133 co-located QTL clusters; the candidate genes that co-located with these QTL clusters were also predicted. The methods and tools presented in this article facilitate marker re-mapping to a new reference, genome-wide QTL analysis, candidate gene scanning, and breeding applications in flax and other crops.
doi:10.3390/mps3020028 pmid:32260372 fatcat:l6hmc6xqc5chnejpubrizxq2gm