Theoretical principles of personnel management construction enterprises
Economics. Finances. Law
Human Resources Management (HRM), managing work and people to achieve their desired goals, is a fundamental activity of any enterprise or organization that employs people. HRM is the basis for their creation and development. There are a number of different HRM styles, ideologies, forms, and methods, but there are no universal models that can improve performance for each enterprise or enhance their relative effectiveness in specific strategic areas, such as the introduction of new production
... new production technologies, the use of advertising campaigns. or the purchase of real estate. However, it is impossible to question the necessity of the personnel management process itself, that is, rational attempts to organize work and manage people. The purpose of the paper is to outline the theoretical foundations of personnel management of construction enterprises. Over the last twenty years, the relationship between HRM and strategic management studies has deepened, significantly widening the socio-economic range and possible cause and effect. Getting acquainted with the scientific works of the founders on this subject allows us to distinguish three main areas: 1. Micro HRM - covers the subheadings of HR policies and practices that can be grouped into two main categories. 2. Strategic HRM deals with systemic issues and issues that have serious implications for the enterprise. 3. International HRM - less involved in the context of strategic human resource management, focused on HR management in multinational companies. In the construction field, the HRM is mainly focused on the adequate provision of projects with human resources with relevant experience, professional characteristics and the right skillsets for their successful implementation. Personnel managers should have the ability to identify and document project roles and responsibilities, developing planning with a detailed description of the intermediate processes required to complete the project (or projects) and identify its human resource needs. Construction, due to its specificity and versatility, is one of the most difficult areas for managing people. The operational realities faced by construction companies confirm the risks associated with the close relationship between employee needs and performance issues.