Children's Quality of Life in Europe: National Wealth and Familial Socioeconomic Position Explain Variations in Mental Health and Wellbeing—A Multilevel Analysis in 27 EU Countries

Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hana Horka, Agnes Illyes, Luis Rajmil, Veronika Ottova-Jordan, Michael Erhart
2013 ISRN Public Health  
Sizeable variations in quality of life (QoL) and wellbeing according to socioeconomic status and national wealth have been observed. The assessment of children's wellbeing may vary, depending on whether a parental or a child perspective is taken. Still, both perspectives provide important and valid information on children's wellbeing. The Flash Eurobarometer no. 246 which was conducted for the European Commission assesses parents' reports on their children's health and wellbeing in 27 EU member
more » ... ing in 27 EU member states. Overall, 12,783 parents of 6–17-year-old children in the 27 EU states participated in telephone interviews. Parents reported children's QoL and wellbeing using the KIDSCREEN-10 measure, as well as their occupational status and education level. Within a multilevel analysis, the KIDSCREEN-10 was regressed on parental occupation and education level. Random intercepts and slopes were regressed on gross domestic product per capita and income inequality. Low QoL was reported in 11.6% of cases, whereby cross-national variation accounted for 13% of the total variance in QoL. Children from countries with higher national wealth and lower income inequality were at lower risk for low QoL and wellbeing. Higher age of the child, a medium or low parental occupational status, and low parental educational status were associated with a higher risk for low QoL and wellbeing.
doi:10.1155/2013/419530 fatcat:kvklkzs3ergihhvst2dqwr25dq