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We propose the use of wavelet-based semiparametric models for forecasting the value-at-risk (VaR) and expected shortfall (ES) in the crude oil market. We compared the forecast outcomes across different time scales for three semiparametric models, three nonparametric, distribution-based, generalized, autoregressive, conditional, heteroskedasticity (GARCH) models, and three rolling-window models. We found that the GARCH model estimated by the Fissler and Ziegel (FZ) zero loss minimizationdoi:10.3390/en13143700 fatcat:ksjino6tpbbyfgwya2atl7pqke