Türkiye Türkçesinde Benzerlik, Yakınlık, Yaklaşıklık, Denklik ve Özdeşlik İfadeleri
International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching
Similarity, proximity, approximation, equivalence and identity relationships constituted between multiple concepts provide direct or indirect comparison of concepts, positioning relative to each other, making precise or predictive evaluations about them and transmitting various features in a more concrete way. These forms of expression based on similarities between concepts in terms of quality or quantity, relative and gradual proximity, equivalences, identities are used for an effective
... an effective language that is strong in association and concretization. So language users actualise the meaning relations by taking advantage of the some linguistic features and the possibilities of expression. In this context, many linguistic and cultural components play an active role, especially lexical, morphologic, semantic, syntactic features of language. Also in Turkey Turkish standart language, affix and affix combination, words, word groups, expression patterns consisting of affixes and word or more than one word, idioms and metaphrases are utilised and numerous lexical, morpholgic, syntactic and semantic markers are used in order to establish these kind of semantic relations. In this study, with reference to majority of the works of the post-republic Turkish literature in the genres such as novel, story, poem, criticism, essay, letter and biography; the similarity, proximity, approximation, equivalence and identity expressions are provided by which markers were determined and exemplified and in which way these expressions are given have been examined. The samples used in the study were obtained by scanning the mentioned works.