Neuromuscular activity of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis snake venom in mouse nerve-muscle preparations

A. M. Durigon, C. R. Borja-Oliveira, C. A. Dal Belo, Y. Oshima-Franco, J. C. Cogo, A. J. Lapa, C. Souccar, L. Rodrigues-Simioni
2005 Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases  
The pharmacological effects of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis venom on mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND) preparations were studied. Venom (20 µg/ml) irreversibly inhibited indirectly evoked twitches in PND preparations (60 ± 10% inhibition, mean ± SEM; p<0.05; n=6). At 50 µg/ml, the venom blocked indirectly and directly (curarized preparations) evoked twitches in mouse hemidiaphragms. In the absence of Ca 2+ , venom (50 µg/ml), produced partial blockade only after an 80 min incubation, which
more » ... ncubation, which reached 40.3 ± 7.8% (p<0.05; n=3) after 120 min. Venom (20 µg/ml) increased (25 ± 2%, p<0.05) the frequency of giant miniature end-plate potentials in 9 of 10 end-plates after 30 min and the number of miniature end-plate potentials which was maximum (562 ± 3%, p<0.05) after 120 min. During the same period, the resting membrane potential decreased from -81 ± 1.4 mV to -41.3 ± 3.6 mV 24 fibers; p<0.01; n=4) in the end-plate region and from -77.4 ± 1.4 to -44.6 ± 3.9 mV (24 fibers; p<0.01; n=4) in regions distant from the end-plate. These results indicate that B. n. pauloensis venom acts primarily at presynaptic sites. They also suggest that enzymatic activity may be involved in this pharmacological action.
doi:10.1590/s1678-91992005000100004 fatcat:vphknfnjfzaalh5lta2vq7u26a