A Novel Kernel-Based Regularization Technique for PET Image Reconstruction

Abdelwahhab Boudjelal, Zoubeida Messali, Abderrahim Elmoataz
2017 Technologies  
Positron emission tomography (PET) is an imaging technique that generates 3D detail of physiological processes at the cellular level. The technique requires a radioactive tracer, which decays and releases a positron that collides with an electron; consequently, annihilation photons are emitted, which can be measured. The purpose of PET is to use the measurement of photons to reconstruct the distribution of radioisotopes in the body. Currently, PET is undergoing a revamp, with advancements in
more » ... advancements in data measurement instruments and the computing methods used to create the images. These computer methods are required to solve the inverse problem of "image reconstruction from projection". This paper proposes a novel kernel-based regularization technique for maximum-likelihood expectation-maximization (κ-MLEM) to reconstruct the image. Compared to standard MLEM, the proposed algorithm is more robust and is more effective in removing background noise, whilst preserving the edges; this suppresses image artifacts, such as out-of-focus slice blur.
doi:10.3390/technologies5020037 fatcat:apse7cmefvgv5pasqsuik2jtbu