Perceptions of type-II diabetes patients about the support sources for their disease: A qualitative study to access support sources in deprived regions
Background: The number of patients with diabetes is increasing in all countries and different societal strata. This chronic disease requires extensive behavioral changes and adherence to a complex treatment program. Various factors affect the process of diabetes care and treatment; among them, support sources have been proposed as highly involved in controlling this disease. The present study was conducted to explain the perceptions of type-II diabetes patients about the support sources for
... r disease.Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis in 2020 in Lorestan Province as one of Iran's deprived provinces on 19 participants, including 14 patients with diabetes type-II and five of their family caregivers. The participants were selected through purposive sampling, which continued until the saturation of the data. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews, and analyzed using conventional content analysis.Results: The process of content analysis resulted in the extraction of two themes: Care incentives, consisting of the 'influential supporters' and 'efficient organizations' categories, and support strategies, consisting of the 'technological scope' and 'economic support' categories. These themes reveal the nature and dimensions of participants' perceptions of support sources.Conclusions: By revealing the different dimensions of support sources in type-II diabetes patients, the results stressed that care programs for type-II diabetes patients should be designed considering the support sources available and with the goal of improving the capacity of the personal, social, and professional networks associated with these patients.