The Effect of Focus of Strategic Planning on Accuracy and Complexity in Argumentative Writing of Intermediate L2 Learners

Fatemeh Khonamri, Mahmoud Azizi, Somayeh Fallahpour
2017 International Journal of Asian Social Science  
Article History solving activity during which learners decide what linguistic devices to use for getting their meaning process (Ellis, 2005; Mochizuki and Ortega, 2008) . Ellis (2005) distinguishes between two principal types of task planning. The distinction is in terms of when planning takes place. The first type of planning is pre-task planning which refers to planning that takes place before performing the task. It involves what Schmidt (2001) calls 'prepatory attention' that helps in
more » ... that helps in performing actions with greater accuracy and speed. The second type is within-task planning which refers to planning that takes place while performing the task. Each of these two types is divided into two other types. Pre-task planning is divided into rehearsal and strategic planning. In rehearsal, learners are given the opportunity to "perform the task before the 'main performance" (Ellis, 2005) . That is, the performance of the task for the first time is regarded as a preparation for the main and final performance. On the other hand, strategic planning which is the focus of the present study entails learners' preparation of the content of the task they will perform. In this type of planning, they "have access to the actual task materials" (Ellis, 2005) . Moreover, Kellog (1996) model of writing seems to be an effective theory in writing and planning studies. This
doi:10.18488/journal.1.2017.76.489.496 fatcat:i4roa34ftvcafct26vyy5vyarq