Determinant of overweight and obesity among females' adolescents in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, Cross-Sectional Study [post]

2019 unpublished
several lifestyle factors related to adolescent overweight and obesity have been well documented. The main objectives of this study were to explore the common lifestyle behaviors among female adolescents based on body BMI category and to examine the association between overweight/obesity and lifestyle factors among them. Methods: cross-sectional study was carried out on 598 participants, and Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS) questionnaire was used. Data related to lifestyle factors, e.g.,
more » ... actors, e.g., physical activity, metabolic equivalent rate, sedentary behavior; dietary consumption; and anthropometrics including height, weight, and BMI were collected. To test the correlations between BMI and lifestyle factors, ANOVA and logistic regression were performed. Results : based on BMI, 20.6% and 19.4% of females suffer from overweight and obesity, respectively. Results indicated significant differences (P<0.05) in several female anthropometric factors and lifestyle behaviors based on BMI category. These factors comprised BMI, weight, consumption of French fries/potato chips, vegetables, fruits, and cake/donuts; and MET-min of swimming, and total physical activity (MET-min/week). Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with the consumption of cake/donuts (odds ratio [OR] for >5 days/weeks =2.261; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.361-3.757), French fries (OR for 3-4 days/weeks=1.936; 95% CI=.206-3.110) and fruit (OR for 3-4 days/weeks=1.669; 95% CI=1.032-2.697). Conclusion: a significant positive association between BMI category and factors such as eating French fries/potato chips and cakes/donuts were observed among adolescent Saudi females. Background Adolescence is considered a high-risk stage for changes in body weight, as it is a period of developmental plasticity [1, 2] . It was estimated that in 2010, 35 million adolescents and children in developing countries were overweight and obese [3] . The adverse physical consequences of child and adolescent obesity include an increase in cardiovascular risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, hyperinsulinemia and impaired glucose tolerance [4] . Female adolescents are most vulnerable to the risk of obesity or weight gain because of consequent maternity-related obesity and
doi:10.21203/rs.2.19650/v1 fatcat:qyccfd47dzeapeddbmuzetphze