Discrete Fourier Transform Radar in the Terahertz-Wave Range Based on a Resonant-Tunneling-Diode Oscillator

Hiroki Konno, Adrian Dobroiu, Safumi Suzuki, Masahiro Asada, Hiroshi Ito
2021 Sensors  
We used a resonant-tunneling-diode (RTD) oscillator as the source of a terahertz-wave radar based on the principle of the swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Unlike similar reports in the terahertz range, we apply the stepwise frequency modulation to a subcarrier obtained by amplitude modulation instead of tuning the terahertz carrier frequency. Additionally, we replace the usual optical interference with electrical mixing and, by using a quadrature mixer, we can discriminate
more » ... ween negative and positive optical path differences, which doubles the measurement range without increasing the measurement time. To measure the distance to multiple targets simultaneously, the terahertz wave is modulated in amplitude at a series of frequencies; the signal returning from the target is detected and homodyne mixed with the original modulation signal. A series of voltages is obtained; by Fourier transformation the distance to each target is retrieved. Experimental results on one and two targets are shown.
doi:10.3390/s21134367 pmid:34202353 fatcat:fn7gz7mxinhvvbyh4li6bzaupq