The effect of different entomopathogens on white grubs (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in an organic hay-producing grassland

Ziga Laznik, Matej Vidrih, Stanislav Trdan
2012 Archives of Biological Sciences  
In 2011, a field block trial examined the biological control of white grubs of June beetle (Amphimallon solstitialis), margined vine chafer (Anomala dubia) and garden chafer (Phyllopertha horticola) on a permanent cut grassland in Gotenica (SE Slovenia). The efficacy of Beauveria brongniartii, Beauveria bassiana, Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki and Heterorhabditis bacteriophora in the form of water suspension and infested grain was tested against a control treatment. The initial number of
more » ... initial number of white grubs (April 12; 39 white grubs/m 2 ) was reduced with all tested entomopathogens up until the third evaluation (May 26; 32 white grubs/m 2 ). However, the studied treatments were not sufficient to reduce the white grub population in the soils below the economical threshold (20 individuals/m 2 ). The average number of white grubs was affected mostly by the treatment where the active ingredient was B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki. With one application in April, only the abundance of overwintered white grubs was reduced. To decrease the summer generation of white grubs, an application of biological agents is also required at a later time. The 8% higher dry matter yield at the first cut (June 10) compared to the second cut (September 6) provided evidence for the prior statement.
doi:10.2298/abs1204235l fatcat:di3ave3ucfb6bnmgwtsi6ypj3e