Decision-making under risk and "statistical thinking" in the 20th century (selected models and persons)

Wojciech Rybicki
2018 Mathematical Economics  
The paper is the second part of the series of articles surveying chosen models of decision-making under "risky circumstances". The first segment concerned the earlier period of development of so-called "statistical thinking" (up to the times of J. Neyman and E. Pearson) and has been published elsewhere. These "twins" of papers as a whole, are intended as essays (consciously avoiding any formalization) to introduce the subsequent parts of the cycle -conducted in a more formal style. Several
more » ... style. Several problems were discussed in the first part of the series. The leitmotifs, i.e. Bayesian vs. "orthodox" approaches, and the subjective vs. objective probability meaning are continued in this article, and developed towards the "modern needs and directions". The role of some outstanding scientists is stressed. The possibility of the unification of the different philosophies on the grounds of statistical decision theory (thanks to A. Wald and L.J. Savage) is noted. "Dynamic" or multistage statistical decision procedures will be also indicated (in contrast to "static, "one-shot" problems). The primary role in developing these ideas played by mathematicians
doi:10.15611/me.2018.14.06 fatcat:6joebsaa2jhkxpdtu27dxl7bzy