ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS

Hari Krishna, Associate professor in the department of ENT, Viswabharthi Medical College, , Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2020 International Journal of Integrative Medical Sciences  
sensorineural hearing loss is usually common in diabetics. Microangiopathy and neuropathy are the main attributed caused for sensorineural hearing loss. Objectives: planned to study the prevalence of sensorineural hearing loss(SNHL) among Type II DM patients and to study the association between age, duration of DM and HbA1C levels with SNHL in India. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was done on 256 type II Diabetic patients who attended medicine OP. sensorineural hearing loss was measured
more » ... loss was measured using Pure tone audiometry and were classified according to WHO classification. Results: 45.7% were males and 54.3 % were females. 88.7% had bilateral SNHL. 17 % had severe degree of SNHL. The prevalence of SNHL increased with advancement of age, increased duration of DM and poor glycaemic control. Conclusion: There is a strong association between diabetes and SNHL. Hence proper glycemic control in diabetics must be ensured to prevent from complications.
doi:10.16965/ijims.2020.103 fatcat:2jr47omjmzhwxlhuoe37vokdcu