Fuel Cell Performance Implications of Membrane Electrode Assembly Fabrication with Platinum-Nickel Nanowire Catalysts

Scott A. Mauger, K. C. Neyerlin, Shaun M. Alia, Chilan Ngo, Siddharth Komini Babu, Katherine E. Hurst, Svitlana Pylypenko, Shawn Litster, Bryan S. Pivovar
2018 Journal of the Electrochemical Society  
Platinum-nickel nanowire (PtNiNW) catalysts have shown exceptionally high oxygen reduction mass activity in rotating disk electrode measurements. However, the ability to successfully incorporate PtNiNWs into high performance membrane electrode assemblies (MEAs) has been challenging due to their size, shape, density, dispersion characteristics, and corrosion-susceptible nickel core. We have investigated the impact of specific processing steps and electrode composition on observed fuel cell
more » ... ved fuel cell performance and electrochemical properties in order to optimize performance. We have found that nickel ion contamination is a major concern for PtNiNWs that can be addressed through ion exchange in fabricated/tested MEAs or by acid leaching of catalyst materials prior to MEA incorporation, with the latter being the more successful method. Additionally, decreased ionomer incorporation has led to the highest performance demonstrating 238 mA/mg Pt (0.9 V IR-free) for PtNiNWs (pre-leached to 80 wt% Pt) with 9 wt% ionomer incorporation. ) unless CC License in place (see abstract). ecsdl.org/site/terms_use address. Redistribution subject to ECS terms of use (see 207.241.231.81 Downloaded on 2018-07-19 to IP Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 165 (3) F238-F245 (2018) ) unless CC License in place (see abstract). ecsdl.org/site/terms_use address. Redistribution subject to ECS terms of use (see 207.241.231.81 Downloaded on 2018-07-19 to IP ) unless CC License in place (see abstract). ecsdl.org/site/terms_use address. Redistribution subject to ECS terms of use (see 207.241.231.81 Downloaded on 2018-07-19 to IP ) unless CC License in place (see abstract). ecsdl.org/site/terms_use address. Redistribution subject to ECS terms of use (see 207.241.231.81 Downloaded on 2018-07-19 to IP ) unless CC License in place (see abstract). ecsdl.org/site/terms_use address. Redistribution subject to ECS terms of use (see 207.241.231.81 Downloaded on 2018-07-19 to IP
doi:10.1149/2.1061803jes fatcat:vvwk2xqc35d4xn2m3y2vbsgthq