Rational Theology in Polemic Strategies of Early Christian Apologues

Roman V. Svetlov, Dmitry V. Shmonin
2020 Journal of Siberian Federal University  
The texts of early Christian apologists are an example of a clear argumentative reaction to a number of external and internal challenges. The internal ones included changes in the size and structure of the community, increased heterodoxia, and a decrease in eschatological moods. Among the external – on the one hand, the growth of hostility and systematic persecution on the part of Rome, on the other, the specific atmosphere of the "age of the Antonines", age of imperators who practiced, at
more » ... practiced, at least formally, a policy of mercy. All this stimulated the development of rhetoric in Christian literature, the formation of the genre of Christian apology, as well as specific apologetic strategies, in which early Christian rational theology was reflected. Its most important element was the formation of ideas about a righteous life as the root condition of philosophical wisdom. It is this approach that helps, for example, Justin Martyr find a way to convert ancient wisdom into a rational-theological toolkit of apologetics
doi:10.17516/1997-1370-0650 fatcat:icangcbexzbzdfk7btxxezucxq