Hugh of St Victor's Influence on the Summa Halensis
The Summa Halensis
The influenceofthe 12 th centuryV ictorines,especiallythat of Hugh and Richard of St Victor,onthe Summa Halensis,ispervasive,both deep and wide. The Halensist quotes both authors explicitlya nd frequently. Ac atalogue of Hugh citations would reveal one kind of perspective on Hugh'sinfluenceonvarious topics,especially on the sacraments in the unedited Book IV of the Summa. Arguablym orei mportant,t hough, is Hugh'si nfluenceo nt he entire orientation and methodo ft he early Franciscan Summa.
... anciscan Summa. Three aspects of this form of influencea re noteworthy. First, the Halensist adopts and adapts Hugh'ss ignatured istinction between the two fundamental 'works of God',n amely, creatinga nd restoring,a saframework for organizing the content of the entire Summa. Second, the Halensistidentifies the overarching subject matter of theologya st he Hugonian 'works of restoration' in salvation history,centered on the Incarnation. Third, the Halensist is inspired by Hugh to conceive of theologyasapractical discipline, aimedultimatelyatperfecting its practioner affectively by orienting her in lovet oward divine goodness.I nt his, theologyi sa distinct form of Christian wisdom. Assessingthe influenceofH ughofStV ictor (d. 1241) on the Summa Halensis (SH), it seems fitting to begin with Bonaventure'so ft-cited praise of the Victorine in On the Reduction of the Arts to Theology.¹ There, surveying the luminaries of the recent and remoteC hristian tradition, the Seraphic Doctor paids pecial tribute to Hugh. The Franciscan observed that Augustine and Anselm excelled in speculative theology, Gregory the Great and Bernard of Clairvaux in practical morality, and Dionysius and Richard of St Victor in mystical contemplation. But Hugh 'excelled in all three'.² Bonaventure'sp aean to Hugh is oft-noted, but still noteworthy: It is very highp raise, especiallyi nl ight of the fact that the medievals themselvesh ighlyv al- Bonaventure, 'On Retracingthe Arts to Theology 5,' in TheWorks of Bonaventure,vol. 3, trans.José de Vinck (Paterson, NJ:S tA nthony'sG uild Press, 1966), 20. Bonaventure, De reductione artium ad theologiam,i nDoctoris seraphici S. Bonaventurae opera omnia,v ol. 5( Quaracchi: Collegii SB onaventura, 1891), 321: 'Unde tota sacra Scriptura haec tria docet,scilicet Christi aeternam generationem et incarnationem, vivendi ordinem et Dei et animae unionem. Primum respicit fidem, secundum mores, tertium finem utriusque. Circa primum insudare debet studium doctorum, circa secundum studium praedicatorum, circa tertium studium contemplativorum. Primum maxime docet Augustinus,secundum maxime docet Gregorium, tertium vero docet Dionysius; Anselmuss equitur Augustinum, Bernarduss equitur Gregorium, Richarduss equitur Dionysium, quia Anselmusi nratiocinatione, Bernardus in praedicatione, Richardusi nc ontemplatione. Hugo vero omnia haec.' OpenAccess.