Evaluation of the Microbiological Quality of Different Moroccan Drinking Water in the Beni Mellal Region

Rachid Hnini, Said Ihbour, Lhou Ouhida, Hasna Merzouki, Ahmed Ait Chaoui, Fatiha Chigr, Mohamed Najimi
2019 Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection  
Drinking water is water that does not contain pathogens or chemicals at levels that may be harmful to health. Beni Mellal region, one of the major rich areas in ground and surface water in Morocco (the rivers like Oum Errabia, Darna, ...; Bin el-Ouidane and martyr Ahmed El Hansali dams and sources like Ain Asserdoune, ...) is located in the North-Centre of Morocco. The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the microbiological quality of different drinking waters originated from
more » ... originated from sources, faucets, fountains and wells in the Beni Mellal city and its agricultural surrounding areas. For this, hygienic quality indicator parameters of water quality were determined by assessing the analysis of Total Coliforms Count, Fecal Coliforms Count, streptococcus D and revivable germs while germs such as Anaerobic Sulphite-reducing Bacteria, S. aureus and Salmonella sp, were carried out according to national and international standards. The analysis of the microbiological results found for all the different samples waters investigated in this study revealed that the waters originated from fountains, faucets and sources were proper for main consumption at microbiological point of view while the wells waters were improper for consumption according to norms. Finally, it appears, from the results obtained, that the potential risk of infection of water consumers especially (groundwater) calls for prompt intervention in order to alleviate the potential health impact of water-borne diseases in the community. From this, a proper sanitary survey and implementation of water and sanitation projects in the community is recommended.
doi:10.4236/gep.2019.75011 fatcat:ubiigpejnrgsbomt4w2jedfocm