METHODS OF MOTIVATION FORMING DURING FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES

Kaleriia KOVALOVA, Elvira HERASYMENKO
2020 Humanities science current issues  
The problems and the specifics of motivation during foreign languages teaching in higher educational establishments have been considered in the article. The importance of this problem solving is determined by the fact that educational motivation is a decisive factor of educational process efficiency. Motivation provides interest to learning activity, improves the work of all cognitive mechanisms and speech activities: memory, thinking, attention and also activates the linguistic unit of
more » ... tic unit of memorization, which stimulates successful foreign language communication. The aim of our investigation is to analyse the nature, structure and approaches of the motivation forming, development and maintenance during foreign languages studying. The object of our investigation is the educational activity motivation, in particular foreign languages teaching. The subject of our investigation is the structure, components, mechanisms of effective functioning, conditions of motivational learning activity development. Different classifications of motivational factors have been considered. The main methods of learning activity stimulation during a foreign language studying have been distinguished by the authors according to the specifics of the subject: 1) the usage of interactive teaching methods; 2) the usage of computer technologies; 3) the usage of incentive techniques that create the conditions for productive speech skills mastering; 4) the usage of linguistic material; 5) the usage of interdisciplinary links; 6) the creation of a favourable atmosphere of communication; 7) the students' skills of independent work development; 8) the teacher's active position. The role of the teacher as the main motivator of the target settings successful implementation during a foreign language teaching has been determined. Also, in the context of this work, anti-motivation factors, affecting the quality of the educational process, have been considered. It has been revealed, there cannot be a single unambiguous classification of this phenomenon, so as these factors will depend on different aspects of educational process, for example, age, profession and social status. The anti-motivation factors which affect the quality of the educational process have been also considered in the context of this work. As a result of investigation, it has been stated that the level of motivation increasing during a foreign language studying is possible only with the complex usage of these conditions. Калерія КОВАЛЬОВА, orcid.org/0000-0001-6718-8034 кандидат філологічних наук, доцент кафедри іноземних мов та міжкультурної комунікації Харківського національного економічного університету імені Семена Кузнеця (Харків, Україна) Kaleriya.kovalova@hneu.net Ельвіра ГЕРАСИМЕНКО, orcid.org/0000-0003-2230-5692 старший викладач кафедри іноземних мов та міжкультурної комунікації Харківського національного економічного університету імені Семена Кузнеця (Харків, Україна) Elvira.Herasymenko@hneu.net СПОСОБи ФОРМУВАННЯ МОТиВАцІї НА ЗАНЯТТЯХ ІЗ ІНОЗЕМНОї МОВи У статті розглянуто проблеми, специфіка мотивації при навчанні іноземних мов у вищих навчальних закладах. Важливість вирішення цієї проблеми залежить від того, що освітня мотивація є вирішальним фактором ефективності навчального процесу. Мотивація забезпечує інтерес до навчальної діяльності, сприяє поліпшенню роботи всіх механізмів когнітивної та мовної діяльності: пам 'яті, мислення, уваги, активізує запам'ятовування
doi:10.24919/2308-4863.2/29.209470 fatcat:gbwjgsrfsnhthbe32wgqwtgwsq