Random Errors in Turbulence Measurements in the Atmospheric Surface Layer: Implications for Monin–Obukhov Similarity Theory
Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
An error propagation analysis is conducted to estimate random errors in the friction velocity u * and the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST) stability variable z/L from estimated random errors in the turbulent fluxes. Errors in the dimensionless mean wind shear f m and mean temperature gradient f h are also estimated. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time that errors in calculated values of z/L, f m , and f h have been systematically analyzed. Random errors in z/L are found to
... z/L are found to be large for unstable conditions, reaching values of 40% or greater. It is shown through statistical hypothesis tests that random errors cannot explain departures of calculated values of f m and f h from theory. The deviation of calculated values of f m from empirical curves is found to have a strong diurnal variation that increases with height; deviations of f h from theory are not found to have clear diurnal variation. These results support the findings of previous studies, which have suggested that additional dimensionless parameters representing additional physical processes need to be included in the set of governing parameters for surface layer similarity. Implications for atmospheric surface layer turbulence are also discussed.