Sepsis in cancer patients residing in Zimbabwe: Spectrum of bacterial and fungal aetiologies and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns [post]

2019 unpublished
Cancer and sepsis comorbidity is a major public health problem in most parts of the world including Zimbabwe. The microbial aetiologies of sepsis and their antibiograms vary with time and locations. Knowledge on local microbial aetiologies of sepsis and their susceptibility patterns is critical in guiding empirical antimicrobial treatment choices. Methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional study which determined the microbial aetiologies of sepsis from blood cultures of paediatric and
more » ... cancer patients obtained between July 2016 and June 2017. The TDR-X120 blood culture system and TDR 300B auto identification machine were used for incubation of blood culture bottles and identification plus antimicrobial susceptibility testing, respectively. Results: A total of 142 participants were enrolled; 50 (35.2%) had positive blood cultures with 56.0% gram positive, 42.0% gram negative bacteria and 2.0% yeast isolates. Most common isolates were Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) (22.0%), Escherichia coli (16.0%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (14.0%), Enterococcus faecalis (14.0%) and Staphylococcus aureus (8.0%) in all cancer patients. These isolates were similar in both haematological and solid cancers. Amikacin and meropenem showed 85.7% and 95.2% activity respectively against all gram negative isolates while vancomycin and linezolid were effective against 96.2% and 100.0% of all gram positive isolates respectively. Ten (66.7%) isolates of E. coli and K. pneumoniae were extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) positive and the same proportion was observed on methicillin resistance among Staphylococcus species. Conclusions: The major microbial aetiologies of sepsis among patients with cancer in Zimbabwe were CoNS, E. coli, K. pneumoniae, E. faecalis and S. aureus. Most isolates were resistant to commonly used empirical antibiotics and there was high level of ESBL and methicillin resistance carriage. A nationwide survey on microbial aetiologies of sepsis and their susceptibility patterns would assist in the guidance of
doi:10.21203/rs.2.10948/v1 fatcat:vldysux4zfefxhihss7ejxviyu