El Estado subsidiario y sus políticas urbanas: la expulsión de los estratos bajos de la ciudad

Luis Alejandro Vergara Erices
2014 GeoGraphos: Revista Digital para Estudiantes de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales  
In the seventies the world economy experienced a crisis, triggered by the magnificence neoliberal economists that the state had acquired during the previous capitalist, so that the solution necessarily involved reformulating the role of the state, contracting their actions and leaving open space to the free market action. Subsidiary status was implemented in Chile during the military dictatorship and its modifications were felt both in social and spatial structures. With respect to the city
more » ... ect to the city subsidizing state designed a new urban development policy, regulation and delivering soil distribution exclusively to market and left it to private enterprise to develop domestic cities. Real estate speculation and the growing need for urban land generated a steady rise in its price. Against this background the lower classes slowly begin to be expelled from the city because they can not pay for themselves a home well located within the urban area. The mechanism by which ejects the lower stratum of the city's social housing, which is also reformulated based on neoliberal precepts during the seventies. ESTADO SUBSIDIÁRIO E URBANO POLÍTICAS: A EXPULSÃO DO ESTRATOS BAIXOS DA CIDADE RESUMO Palavras chave: Estado subsidiario, moradia social, política de desenvolvimento urbano, pobreza urbana.
doi:10.14198/geogra2014.5.62 fatcat:2jcem6ss6rcxlelao7dhuxyium