Designing and Implementing Nervous System Simulations on LEGO Robots

Daniel Blustein, Nikolai Rosenthal, Joseph Ayers
2013 Journal of Visualized Experiments  
We present a method to use the commercially available LEGO Mindstorms NXT robotics platform to test systems level neuroscience hypotheses. The first step of the method is to develop a nervous system simulation of specific reflexive behaviors of an appropriate model organism; here we use the American Lobster. Exteroceptive reflexes mediated by decussating (crossing) neural connections can explain an animal's taxis towards or away from a stimulus as described by Braitenberg and are particularly
more » ... ll suited for investigation using the NXT platform. 1 The nervous system simulation is programmed using LabVIEW software on the LEGO Mindstorms platform. Once the nervous system is tuned properly, behavioral experiments are run on the robot and on the animal under identical environmental conditions. By controlling the sensory milieu experienced by the specimens, differences in behavioral outputs can be observed. These differences may point to specific deficiencies in the nervous system model and serve to inform the iteration of the model for the particular behavior under study. This method allows for the experimental manipulation of electronic nervous systems and serves as a way to explore neuroscience hypotheses specifically regarding the neurophysiological basis of simple innate reflexive behaviors. The LEGO Mindstorms NXT kit provides an affordable and efficient platform on which to test preliminary biomimetic robot control schemes. The approach is also well suited for the high school classroom to serve as the foundation for a hands-on inquiry-based biorobotics curriculum. Video Link The video component of this article can be found at | 75 | e50519 | Page 3 of 5 compared to that of a lobster. Alternatively, the sensory conditions in the test arena can be modified and the effects observed in robot and animal. For example, the arena described here could be subjected to different water flow rates.
doi:10.3791/50519 pmid:23728477 pmcid:PMC3719268 fatcat:aykhxojns5edpbgt3ncjvapvw4