Public School Methods
The Elementary school journal
EDUCATIONAL WRITINGS 793 Methods and materials for teachers of elementary-school sulbjects.--Successful teaching of any school subject implies a fund of definite information concerning the topics to be taught and an understanding of the principles of teaching that apply to the type of material with which the teacher and student have to deal. Information concerning subject-matter is in part supplied by the textbook, and the professional training of the teacher affords a background of theory and
... ound of theory and technique for the solution of the immediate problems of the class hour. But the most serviceable textbook cannot include all of the facts of value for the various situations in which the book may be used, and the course in general or special methods leaves the teacher to face some problems without a ready-made solution. Moreover, there are many poor textbooks and many teachers with little or no special training for the work of instruction. There is general need, therefore, for works of reference which will supply needed information and suggestive methods for meeting the problem situations constantly arising in the classroom. One of the publications" which has undertaken to supply some measure of assistance to the teacher at work in the school has recently been revised to the extent of the addition of a number of new departments as well as the re-writing of the others to make them conform to new conditions and to more recent teaching practice. The work covers practically the entire field of elementary-school instruction, Volumes I to III being devoted to the first three grades, the remaining volumes dealing with the curriculum and activities of the intermediate and grammar grades. In the treatment of each subject or topic an effort is made to supply the largest possible amount of well-selected illustrative material to supplement that of the text and to suggest by discussion or by means of detailed plans suitable methods of presentation. In introducing the material presented for each principal subject, a brief discussion of the problems and methods peculiar to that subject is presented, this discussion being followed by somewhat definite suggestions regarding procedure and by examples of well-organized lesson plans. For example, in introducing the subject of primary reading, the several methods in general use are explained, and the value of each is pointed out. The practical conclusion is summarized in the following form: I Social Studies in Secondary Schools.