Prevention and treatment of the toxic tumour syndrome following primary proton beam therapy of choroidal melanomas
Archives of Medical Science - Civilization Diseases
A b s t r a c t Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoresection for choroidal melanoma to prevent and treat the toxic tumour syndrome (TTS). Material and methods: Thirteen patients who underwent primary proton beam therapy (PBRT) for choroidal melanoma followed by endoresection were evaluated. Main outcome measures were functional and anatomical results, surgical complications, rate of local recurrence, presence or absence of metastatic spread.
... tatic spread. Results: The median time of the follow-up period was 61.6 months. Six patients with clinical signs of TTS and seven with large tumours to prevent TTS underwent endoresection. Tumour thickness was 5.8 to 9.3 mm (mean: 7.6), the basal diameters were 10.6 to 15.0 mm (mean: 13.4). Preoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 6/7.5 to counting fingers and the final BCVA was 6/15 to no light perception, and was better in those treated to prevent TTS (p = 0.01). The most universal early postoperative complication was bleeding from the scleral bed. The most common late postoperative complications were epiretinal membrane formation (30.8%), cystoid macular oedema (23.1%) and silicone oil-induced glaucoma (15.4%). Two (15.4%) patients developed phthisis bulbi, neither developed local recurrence. One patient developed liver metastases. Conclusions: Endoresection for choroidal melanoma is a safe and effective procedure with a high rate of local tumour control. The procedure appears to be useful in the prophylaxis and treatment of TTS after PBRT of choroidal melanoma.