At-risk individuals in Feline Immunodeficiency Virus epidemiology: evidence from a multivariate approach in a natural population of domestic cats (Felis catus)

1998 Epidemiology and Infection  
Prevalence of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) infection was measured during 6 consecutive years in a natural rural population of domestic cats. Sex, age, weight, origin, group size and presence of antibodies to FIV were recorded for each sampled cat. Logistic regressions were used to estimate the influence of the recorded parameters on infection. FIV prevalence rates are as high as 19n6 % in the total population, and do not statistically change between years, after controlling for changes
more » ... lling for changes in samples' age structure. FIV infection is characterized by risk factors linked to aggressive behaviour : old mature male adults having dispersed are more likely to be infected. A study of the cats group size and of the spatial distribution of infected individuals indicates the absence of infection clusters in males, and suggests the importance of roaming in the spreading of FIV. In conclusion, FIV infection spreads, with low contagiousness, mainly between particularly aggressive individuals, and the virus is endemic in this population.
doi:10.1017/s0950268898008875 pmid:9747777 fatcat:7wzfg4h6cbckhowgn2c3xzfdwi