Non-standard 3-spheres locally foliated by elastic helices

José L. Cabrerizo, Manuel Fernández
2001 Glasgow Mathematical Journal  
In this note we use the Hopf map to construct a family of metrics in the 3-sphere parametrized on the space of positive smooth functions in the 2-sphere. All these metrics make the Hopf map a Riemannian submersion. Also, the fibres are all geodesics if and only if the metric comes from a constant function and so, we have a Berger 3-sphere. Every geodesic in a 3-dimensional Riemannian manifold is a minimum for each elastic energy functional. Therefore, we characterize those functions on the
more » ... nctions on the 2-sphere that locally give metrics which have all the fibres being elastica, i.e., critical points of those functionals. Some applications are given including one to the Willmore-Chen variational problem. 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. 53C15, 53C40.
doi:10.1017/s0017089501020109 fatcat:l7b26bq3bjaulhvxpvmdbp7yfq