Saliva as a matrix for biomonitoring of occupational and environmental exposure to lead

Jackie Morton, Elizabeth Leese, Anne-Helen Harding, Kate Jones, Ovnair Sepai
2014 Biomonitoring  
AbstractBackground: To evaluate whether salivary lead can be used as a surrogate for blood lead, and if so, over what concentration range.Methodology: Three saliva devices were evaluated and one chosen to undertake this project. Paired saliva and blood samples were collected from 89 UK lead workers. Lead concentrations were determined using ICP-MS. In addition, haemoglobin and ZPP levels were determined in the blood samples and albumin was determined in the saliva samples to investigate
more » ... investigate standardisation using protein adjustments.Results: The chosen saliva device gave low but consistent recoveries for lead in saliva and the blank levels were low. The mean +/- SD blood lead level was 19.9 +/- 14 μg/dl; the mean +/- SD saliva lead level was 19.1 +/- 32.5 μg/l for 89 workers. Log10-transformed data showed correlation of r=0.69. The protein adjustments did not improve the blood-saliva correlation.Conclusions: This study has demonstrated that salivary lead measurement is feasible and correlated with blood lead levels, at least at occupational exposure levels, and may have value as a screening technique. Correlation may improve at environmental levels where exposures are generally more consistent and chronic, although this needs to be demonstrated in a genuine environmental population.
doi:10.2478/bimo-2014-0008 fatcat:4mzkzabgv5byzhgzteo5zquq6i