Distributed Source Coding and Its Applications in Relaying-Based Transmission

Abdulah Jeza Aljohani, Soon Xin Ng, Lajos Hanzo
2016 IEEE Access  
Distributed source coding (DSC) schemes rely on separate encoding but joint decoding of statistically dependent sources, which exhibit correlation. DSC has numerous promising applications ranging from reduced-complexity handheld video communications to onboard hyperspectral image coding under computational limitations. The concept of separate encoding at the first sight compromises the attainable encoding performance. However, the DSC theory proves that independent encoding can in fact be
more » ... ed as efficiently as joint encoding, as long as joint decoding is allowed. More specifically, distributed joint sourcechannel coding (DJSC) is associated with the scenario, where the correlated source signals are transmitted through a noisy channel. In this paper, we present a concise historic background of DSC concerning both its theory and its practical aspects. In addition, a series of turbo trellis-coded modulation (TTCM)-aided DJSC-based cooperative transmission schemes are proposed. DJSC scheme is conceived for the transmission of a pair of correlated sources to a destination node (DN). The first source sequence is TTCM encoded, and then, it is compressed before it is transmitted both over a Rayleigh fading channel, where the second source signal is assumed to be perfectly decoded side-information at the DN for the sake of improving the achievable decoding performance of the first source. The proposed scheme is capable of performing reliable communications for various levels of correlation near to the theoretical Slepian-Wolf/Shannon (SW/S) limit. Pursuing our objective of designing practical DJSC schemes, we further extended the above-mentioned arrangement to a more realistic cooperative communication system, where the pair of correlated sources are transmitted to a DN with the aid of a relay node (RN). Explicitly, the pair of correlated source sequences are TTCM encoded and compressed before transmission over a Rayleigh fading multiple access channel, where our proposed scheme is capable of operating within 0.55 dB from the SW/S limit for a correlation coefficient value of ρ = 0.8, and within 0.07 bits of the minimum SW compression rate. The RN transmits both users' signal with the aid of a powerful superposition modulation technique that judiciously allocates the transmit power between the two signals. The correlation is beneficially exploited at both the RN and the DN using our powerful iterative joint decoder, which is optimized using extrinsic information transfer characteristics charts. INDEX TERMS Distributed joint source coding, distributed source coding, Slepian-Wolf Coding, joint source-channel decoding, TTCM, superposition modulation. 1 The STEREO project aims for providing revolutionary stereoscopic imaging of the sun in order to reveal the solar surface activities, such as the Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) [1], [2]. both satellites, which are referred to as STEREO Ahead and STEREO Behind, is shown in Fig. 2 . On the 20 th of September 2013 they were more than 50 million km away from each other. In such a scenario, is it not readily feasible for them to communicate with each other. Similarly, each satellite has very limited communications with planet Earth [1], [3] . Thus, the employment of source compression is desirable, but the encoding of images has to be carried 1940 2169-3536
doi:10.1109/access.2016.2537739 fatcat:h7z4oiya65cahn3n6ncfaa4st4