Increased Environmental Requirements for Energy Objects in the Central Ecological Area of the Baikal Natural Territory: Problems and Condition for Implementation

Elena P. Maysyuk, C. Rehtanz, M. Negnevitsky, F.-J. Lin, P. Changwei, B. Sereter, J.-Y. Yoon, S.P. Filippov, S.V. Alekseenko, N.I. Voropai, V.A. Stennikov, N.A. Yusifbeyli
2020 E3S Web of Conferences  
The most important document regulating the use of natural resources in the territories adjacent to the lake Baikal in Russia became the federal law No. 94 "On the protection of the lake. Baikal" from 1 May 1999. A list of prohibited activities has been approved for the central ecological area which now again discuss. Taking into account the categorization of objects that have a negative impact on the environment, the energy objects of the central ecological area are assigned to categories II
more » ... to categories II and III. And in case of changes concerning of categorization in the list of prohibited activities, it means that operation of energy objects will prohibited. The main environmental problem of the energy sector is the use of coal and the presence of a hazard class 1 substance in the emissions. To achievement environmental requirements, it is necessary to replace coal with alternative environmentally friendly types of energy carriers (natural gas and electricity). In order to implement the increased requirements for energy objects, it is necessary to develop a special package of normative legal acts and government support measures, including significant financial costs, focused on this territory.
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202020905011 fatcat:5jfedzgxdbdznkayk7y26klpum