Oral Epithelial Cytokines

Ibrahim MSAW Shnawa
2016 International Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination  
Oral mucosal epithelia as other types of mucosal epithelia are known traditionally as protective tissues. In the present mini-review, attempts were made to introduce oral epithelia as non-lymphoid, non-myeloid tissue with immune potentials. Today, opinions holds the believe that oral epithelial cells have TLR system and can recognize microbial invaders. Microbial invaders in turn, induce epithelia to produce pro-inflammatory TH1, TH2 cytokines and Chemokines. The induction processes described
more » ... ocesses described as species and strain specific. Natural epithelial cytokine production has been assured by a number of in-vitro models. Oral epithelial cytokine interplayed several immune functions like regulation of local immune responses, mediate autoimmune disease and induce tissue damage in case of increased secretion. They express multi-factorial influences on mucosal immune compartment, be an integral part of the local innate immune responses and might have a future implication in vaccine immunity.
doi:10.15406/ijvv.2016.02.00026 fatcat:ejuze75nhzfqzmtvgvn36rlt6e