Insect frass in Baltic amber

M. Nuorteva, K.A. Kinnunen
2008 Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland  
Inclusions of wood debris loosened from pine-like trees are abundant in Baltic amber of Eocene and Oligocene age. The possibilities to find insect frass and excrement among wood debris are outlined and some examples are given. Comparison with the frass and excrement produced by present-day insects provide a possibility to identify insects even though their fossils are lacking. This information can be used to characterize former forest environments. Amber forests may have also covered Southern
more » ... covered Southern Finland, and this possibility is discussed. Furthermore, the presence of wood debris may be utilized to recognize amber fakes, which is important for both gem trade and paleontology. It is proposed that databases and identification keys of frass and excrement should be constructed.
doi:10.17741/bgsf/80.2.003 fatcat:wt4re33etjchphb3oub7lcyouy