Convergent Power Series of sech⁡(x) and Solutions to Nonlinear Differential Equations

U. Al Khawaja, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal
2018 International Journal of Differential Equations  
It is known that power series expansion of certain functions such as sech⁡(x) diverges beyond a finite radius of convergence. We present here an iterative power series expansion (IPS) to obtain a power series representation of sech⁡(x) that is convergent for all x. The convergent series is a sum of the Taylor series of sech⁡(x) and a complementary series that cancels the divergence of the Taylor series for x≥π/2. The method is general and can be applied to other functions known to have finite
more » ... wn to have finite radius of convergence, such as 1/(1+x2). A straightforward application of this method is to solve analytically nonlinear differential equations, which we also illustrate here. The method provides also a robust and very efficient numerical algorithm for solving nonlinear differential equations numerically. A detailed comparison with the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method and extensive analysis of the behavior of the error and CPU time are performed.
doi:10.1155/2018/6043936 fatcat:bjhxy5fexbewlni2ht6hi37wqa