Treatment of Intradural Paraclinoidal Aneurysms
Intradural paraclinoidal aneurysm still presents conceptual confusion and technical surgical problems. The clinical features of 68 consecutive patients with paraclinoidal aneurysms were analyzed. The pterional approach was used in all patients. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurred in 37 patients from the paraclinoidal aneurysm and in 10 patients from another associated aneurysm. Thirty-four of the 37 ruptured paraclinoidal aneurysms were clipped, two blister-like aneurysms re quired trapping,
... re quired trapping, and one blister-like aneurysm was coated. Thirteen of the 31 unruptured paraclinoidal aneurysms, consisting of 10 with ruptured associated aneurysm, four symptomatic, and 17 incidental, were clipped and 18 were coated. Favorable outcomes were obtained in 38 of 47 patients with SAH and 17 of 21 patients without SAH. Nine unfavorable outcomes in SAH patients were caused by primary brain damage (5), vasospasm (2), cerebral infarction after trapping (1), and pneumonia (1). All four unfavorable outcomes in non-SAH patients were due to surgical procedures for giant aneurysms or associated basilar artery aneurysm. Removal of the anterior clinoid process was performed to secure the proximal neck in 15 patients with large or giant aneurysms. Multiple clips with or without fenes trated clips were required in all giant aneurysms, and exposure of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) in 17 giant or large aneurysms. Fenestrated clips were also useful for one small aneurysm projecting posteriorly. A favorable outcome was achieved in 17 of 19 patients undergoing coating. Coating without clipping might be better for some blister-like ICA aneurysms, even if ruptured. Paraclinoidal aneurysms can be clipped with favorable results using these techniques except for giant aneurysms and associated basilar artery aneurysm.