La democracia venezolana en una encrucijada: las elecciones nacionales y regionales de 1998

José Enrique MOLINA, Carmen PÉREZ BARALT
2009 América Latina Hoy  
En 1998 el electorado venezolano fue llamado dos veces a las urnas de votación. La primera, el 8 de noviembre para América Latina, Hoy N." 21 (Abril 1999): 29-40 Palabras clave: Venezuela, elecciones, revolución democrática, Movimiento V República, Hugo Chávez Frías. ABSTRACT The political life in Venezuela is suffering important changes. The electorate has broken the static two-party stability achieved in 1958 with the so called Pacto de Punto Fijo. The article presents the political and
more » ... political and economic background prior to the transformation that is actually taking place in the Venezuelan democracy. The change was manifest at the electoral level, where new political forces are substituting the traditional parties. The population has lost confidence in the old parties -Acción Democrática y COPEI -and party loyalties have disappeared in favor of the personalization of politics and the volatility of the vote. The article describes the changes in the electoral system and their consequences; political parties and their candidates; the phenomenon of abstention; the results of Congress elections and the process of presidential election.
doi:10.14201/alh.2324 fatcat:gnhohpkdcvaajhrntgrdlowf3y