Retinal Changes in Patients with Angina Pectoris and Anginal Equivalents: A Study of Patients with Normal Coronary Angiography

Vahid Eslami, Simin Mojahedin, Ramin Nourinia, Mohammadreza Tabary, Isa Khaheshi
2020 Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine  
AbstractBackground and aims: Approximately 10-30% of the patients with typical symptoms of angina pectoris have normal angiography showing normal macrovasculature. In these patients, however, the microvascular problems should be monitored. Hence, the main aim of this study is to evaluate retinal changes in normal angiographic patients.Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 60 normal angiographic patients with typical chest pain or anginal equivalents visiting Modarres Hospital
more » ... ology Research Center between 2018 and 2019 were enrolled and retinal changes were determined in Labbafinejad Hospital by Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography using Foveal Avascular Zone (FAZ), Superficial Vascular Density (SVD), and Deep Vascular Density (DVD).Results: The results of this study demonstrated that FAZ was normal in all subjects, but SVD and DVD were abnormal in 45% and 8.3%, respectively. Totally, 18.5% and 66.7% showed abnormal SVD among stable angina (SA) and unstable angina (UA) cases, respectively (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between abnormal DVD in SA and UA cases (P=0.058). Abnormal SVD was significantly more common among diabetic patients (P < 0.001), while DVD was not related to diabetes presence in the study population (P > 0.05). Moreover, abnormal SVD was more common among patients with chest pain (P=0.036), while there was no significant difference for DVD (P=0.371). Interestingly, abnormal ECG was associated with both abnormal DVD and SVD.Conclusions: The results of this study showed that nearly half of the patients with angina pectoris or anginal equivalents who revealed normal angiographic findings may suffer from retinal changes. Thus, retinal assessment is needed in these patients to evaluate microvascular changes.
doi:10.2478/rjim-2020-0039 pmid:33565300 fatcat:ey4dercpvjfybbbfpj43un5x3y