Challenges and opportunities of primate rehabilitation—gibbons as a case study

SM Cheyne
2009 Endangered Species Research  
The trade in illegally captured wildlife is an ongoing, and in many cases increasing, threat to conservation. Primates in particular make appealing pets when young but are frequently rejected or abandoned upon reaching sexual maturity. The trade in gibbons, for example, is a lucrative market, with infant gibbons worth between US $10 and 500 on the international black market. This represents a large sum of money for the average family, even allowing for the cost of a bullet and gun. Trade in
more » ... d gun. Trade in highly endangered primates continues despite the existence of legislation against hunting throughout most primate ranges. The situation is further exacerbated by logging and the permanent conversion of forests to plantations which results in the loss and fragmentation of habitat. Despite this rather bleak outlook, conservation NGOs working with local communities are having an effect. The merits and challenges of rehabilitation and reintroduction of primates are discussed using gibbons as a case study. Data collected at the Kalaweit Gibbon Rehabilitation Project, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, are used to highlight the many considerations behind a successful rehabilitation and reintroduction project, the importance of detailed behavioural data and the keys to success. Finally, the 'rehabilitation debate' is discussed, i.e. are rehabilitation and reintroduction projects good tools for habitat protection and the conservation of a species? KEY WORDS: Rehabilitation · Reintroduction · Primate · Conservation · Gibbon · Hylobates · Rehabilitation debate Resale or republication not permitted without written consent of the publisher Contribution to the Theme Section 'Primate conservation: measuring and mitigating trade in primates' OPEN PEN
doi:10.3354/esr00216 fatcat:kae2oyhj6jcgzep4ojuik7s63e