Study of clinico-epidemiological profile of leprosy patients at tertiary care centre of South Gujarat region

Kautuk K. Patel, Anjum M. Momin, Ankita A. Mistry, Jignesh B. Vaishnani
2020 International Journal of Research in Dermatology  
<p class="abstract"><strong>Background:</strong> Leprosy is a chronic feared illness causes by Mycobacterium leprae. It was eliminated as a public health problem in India in 2005. But still, India contributes more than 60% of all new cases of leprosy.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Methods:</strong> A retrospective analysis of 307 patients attending the leprosy clinic of the dermatology out patient department, SMIMER, was done for a period of five years from January 2014 to December 2018. The
more » ... ecember 2018. The data was analysed for clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the patients.<strong></strong></p><p class="abstract"><strong>Results:</strong> A total of 307 patients visited the leprosy clinic during the study period. More than half patients (60.3%) were between 21-40 years age group. There were 213 males and 94 females with male female ratio of 2.3:1. 72.3% (222) patients were suffering from multibacillary leprosy and 27.7% (85) had paucibacillary disease. Borderline tuberculoid leprosy was the most common type found in 83 patients (27.1%). 16 cases (5.2%) of childhood leprosy (less than 14 years of age) were noted. A total of 214 patients (69.7%) were migrants.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Despite of decline at global and national level, leprosy cases show gradual increase. The high proportion of total cases, MB cases, and grade 2 disability cases are warning signs. Continued efforts are required to manage and prevent the disease.</p><p class="abstract"> </p>
doi:10.18203/issn.2455-4529.intjresdermatol20201580 fatcat:biur5mm4nbep7key6bi7b6dxwq