Determination of the psychological climate and its components in the volleyball sports team
Scientific Journal of National Pedagogical Dragomanov University. Series 15. Scientific and pedagogical problems of physical culture (physical culture and sports)
Тhe article considers the problem of psychological climate in a sports team. The paper presents an analysis of different approaches to the problem of interpersonal relations in a sports team, as well as substantiates the need to create a favorable psychological climate in a volleyball team. During the work, the coach is faced with different types of psychological climate and naturally there is a need to change it. It is necessary to establish contacts within the system, make the most of the
... bilities of each player. In addition, athletes, respect their mentor and highly value his authority, in the process of training show honesty, the desire to perform any task of the coach, no matter how difficult it may be. It is clear that such an attitude to activity, multiplied by years of training, with the appropriate level of ability can not but lead to the achievement of high sportsmanship. The results of the study of the psychological climate and interpersonal relationships in the student volleyball team are presented. It was determined that low normative behavior is observed in 58.75% of players, 30% have an average level and 12.25% have high normative behavior. According to the results of testing among athletes of the volleyball team aged 18-21 in 60% of subjects - low inadequate self-esteem, which is expressed in dissatisfaction with themselves, insecurity, as well as excessive self- criticism. Adequate self-esteem and a certain maturity were found in 40% of the subjects. Accordingly, low self-esteem, which is present in athletes with low behavioral norms, who try to increase their importance through self-expression due to behavioral characteristics. They evade social requirements, try to stand out in the group, violate discipline. When determining the relationship of the psychological climate in the team, it was found that it is influenced by such factors as the level of self-esteem (r = 0.62, at p <0.05) and closed-sociability (r = 0.58, at p <0, 05). Thus, a favorable psychological climate helps the team to move faster towards a common goal, overcome difficulties, the ability to find compromise solutions in conflict situations and, as a result, higher rates of personal and team satisfaction.