Estimation of Conservation Voltage Reduction Factors Using Measurement Data of KEPCO System

Kwan-Shik Shim, Seok-Il Go, Sang-Yun Yun, Joon-Ho Choi, Won Nam-Koong, Chang-Hoon Shin, Seon-Ju Ahn
2017 Energies  
This paper describes a method to estimate conservation voltage reduction (CVR) factors using data measured in power distribution systems. A direct method is proposed to estimate CVR factors using only data measured at the moment of the transformer tap change. The mean absolute deviation (MAD) direct method is proposed to consider direct methods and load variations. The proposed methods do not necessitate intentional tap changes for testing purposes. Instead, the voltage and load changes that
more » ... oad changes that occur when the tap changes, for voltage regulation purposes, are measured and utilized in the CVR factor calculation. The proposed methods were tested using data obtained from the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) system, and the results revealed that CVR factors for both active power and reactive power could be estimated using data measured in power distribution systems. Results of the CVR factor estimation for the active power revealed that the highest CVR factors occurred in winter, during which a large quantity of heating loads exist. In addition, the estimated CVR factors for the reactive power were higher than the estimated CVR factors for the active power because reactive power is more sensitive to voltage changes.
doi:10.3390/en10122148 fatcat:n7d35svrc5ebtj4bgbq7ty3p6e