Clinical profile of neonates with acute renal injury in neonatal intensive care unit at GMERS Medical College and General Hospital, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an acute deterioration in ability of the kidneys to maintain homeostasis of body fluids and electrolytes leading to retention of wasted and toxic metabolic end products. It is fairly common in newborn population and is a major contributor of neonatal mortality and morbidity. The aim was to study the incidence of renal failure in high risk neonates and risk factors for renal failure.Methods: A prospective observational study was done to evaluate renal
... evaluate renal profile in high risk neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care unit, GMERS Medical College and General Hospital, Gotri, Vadodara, Gujarat, India over a 1-year period. nRifle criteria was used for classification of acute kidney injury.Results: The incidence of AKI in high risk newborns admitted in this study was 52 (37.14%). The male to female ratio in current study was 2.46:1. Majority of neonates with AKI were out born 44 (84.6%). The incidence of AKI was higher in term newborns. Mean weight in AKI group was 2048 grams. The highest incidence of AKI was found in AFD newborns (57.69%). nRifle criteria was used to diagnose AKI in this study. Out of 52 neonates who had AKI, 27 (51.9%) were in risk category, 21 (40.4%) were in injury group and 4 (7.7%) were in failure group. Mortality in these groups were 5 (18.51%), 7 (33.33%) and 3 (75%) respectively. Highest correlation of risk factors for AKI was found with birth asphyxia 18 (34.9%) followed by sepsis 12 (23.1%) and shock 15 (28.5%). 29 (55.76%) neonates had non oliguric AKI. 28 (53.8%) neonates with AKI developed dyselectrolytemia.Conclusions: Early recognition and management of risk factors can help in reducing the occurrence and improve outcomes in them.