Haplotype analysis and possible founder effect at the R778L mutation of the ATP7B gene in Korean patients with Wilson's disease

Sun Hwan Bae, Jong Won Kim, Jeong Kee Seo
2009 Korean Journal of Hepatology  
Background/Aims: Wilson's disease (WD) is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism caused by alteration of the P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP) 7B gene. In this study, we analyzed the frequency of well-known mutations and constructed the first haplotypes for Koreans. In addition, we evaluated whether a founder effect existed in Korean patients with WD. Methods: We obtained DNA samples from 21 patients with WD and their parents (total cohort n=63). ATP7B gene mutations were identified by
more » ... irect sequencing methods, and microsatellite typing was performed at D13S315, D13S1325, and D13S316 with fluorescent dye-labeled primers. Any founder effect was identified by using 42 normal alleles from parents with a normal phenotype as a control group. The χ 2 test and Fisher's exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Three common mutations were found in 23 chromosomes obtained from 21 patients: the R778L mutation at exon 8 (15/23, 65.2%), the A874V mutation at exon 11 (6/23, 26.1%), and the N1270S mutation at exon 18 (2/23, 8.7%). D13S315 and D13S316 showed linkage disequilibrium at alleles 5 and 4, respectively, in patients with the R778L mutation (P=0.0157 and 0.0001, respectively). The haplotype made up of these two alleles occurred significantly more frequently in patients with the R778L mutation (5-R778L-4, D13S315-mutation-D13S316) than in the controls (P=0.0018). Conclusions: The arche haplotype of the ATP7B gene in Korean patients with WD may be 5-R778L-4 (D13S315-mutation-D13S316), and it might illustrate a founder effect. (Korean J Hepatol 2009;15:309-319)
doi:10.3350/kjhep.2009.15.3.309 pmid:19783880 fatcat:lhd2rk322vd5zioqx6rj3fser4