Non-Asymptotic Analysis of an Optimal Algorithm for Network-Constrained Averaging With Noisy Links

Nima Noorshams, Martin J. Wainwright
2011 IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing  
The problem of network-constrained averaging is to compute the average of a set of values distributed throughout a graph G using an algorithm that can pass messages only along graph edges. We study this problem in the noisy setting, in which the communication along each link is modeled by an additive white Gaussian noise channel. We propose a two-phase decentralized algorithm, and we use stochastic approximation methods in conjunction with the spectral graph theory to provide concrete
more » ... totic) bounds on the mean-squared error. Having found such bounds, we analyze how the number of iterations T_G(n; \delta) required to achieve mean-squared error \delta\ scales as a function of the graph topology and the number of nodes n. Previous work provided guarantees with the number of iterations scaling inversely with the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian. This paper gives an algorithm that reduces this graph dependence to the graph diameter, which is the best scaling possible.
doi:10.1109/jstsp.2011.2122241 fatcat:2cl7v4wkafgghhd5iglhahswwq