Chorionic villus-derived mesenchymal stem cell-mediated autophagy promotes proliferation and invasiveness of trophoblasts under hypoxia by activating the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway [post]

Yijing Chu, Chongyu Yue, Wei Peng, Weiping Chen, Yan Zhang, Guifang He, Changchang Liu, Ning Zhang, Jing Li, Ling Liu, Guoqiang Gao, Ke Yao (+6 others)
2020 unpublished
Objectives Trophoblast dysfunction during pregnancy is fundamentally involved in preeclampsia. The aim of this study was to understand how human chorionic villous mesenchymal stem cells (CV-MSCs) operate in regulation of trophoblast function. Materials and Methods We treated trophoblasts with CV-MSC supernatant under hypoxic conditions, and transcriptome and pathway analyses of trophoblasts were performed. Western blotting and PCR analysis were used to examine the JAK2, STAT3 and autophagy
more » ... and autophagy associated protein expression levels in trophoblasts. Results The CV-MSC supernatant treatment markedly enhanced proliferation, invasion and autophagy. The RNA-seq revealed JAK2/STAT3 signalling as an upstream regulator, and STAT3 mRNA and protein levels increased during CV-MSC treatment. Inhibition of JAK2/STAT3 signalling reduced autophagy, survival and invasion of trophoblasts even in the presence of CV-MSCs, and blocking autophagy did not affect STAT3 activation in trophoblasts treated with CV-MSCs. Importantly, overexpression of STAT3 increased the levels of autophagy in trophoblasts; thus, it regulated positively autophagy in hypoxic trophoblasts. Human placental explants also proved our finding, in which STAT3 was activated and LC3B-II levels were increased by CV-MSC treatment. Conclusions Our data suggest that CV-MSC-dependent activation of JAK2/STAT3 signalling is a prerequisite for upregulation of autophagy in trophoblasts.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:46njycie4fcylhq67lpywocioi