Biofilm formation and adhesive/invasive properties of Candida dubliniensis in comparison with Candida albicans
Open Life Sciences
AbstractCandida dubliniensis and Candida albicans are closely related spp. exhibiting differences in their virulence potency. This study compared clinical isolates of C. dubliniensis with C. albicans from HIV patients with oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) and standard strains in power to form biofilm and their adhesive and invasive properties. Members of both spp. were able to form strong biofilms. However, SEM microscopy confirmed that C. albicans undergoes the more effective yeast-to-hyphae
... yeast-to-hyphae transition than C. dubliniensis with prevalent yeast form and limited ability to form filaments. Kinetic patterns indicated that while the first 30 min are critical for sufficient attachment to a polystyrene surface, adhesion to human carcinoma cell lines (Caco-2 and TR 146) needs additional time with maximal saturation observed at 240 min for both spp. The invasion process was tested on 3D RHE (reconstituted human epithelium) with Caco-2 or TR 146 on the collagen surface. C. albicans rapidly produced hyphae that penetrated the tissue layer, demonstrating substantive invasion within 21 h. In contrast, C. dubliniensis attached to the tissue surface and proliferated, suggesting the formation of a biofilm-like structure. After 21 h, C. dubliniensis was able to penetrate the RHE layer and invade unusually, with a cluster of the yeast cells.